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10 Basic Survival Needs – Maslow’s Needs Theory

Aler Mack
  Sep 28, 2022 10:36 PM

Maslow needs theory. Studying the 10 basic survival needs of humanity cannot stand in one opinion only. Therefore we gathered many theories to clarify the idea.


Quick Answer - Basic Human Needs for Survival List:

  1. Air
  2. Water
  3. Food
  4. Shelter
  5. Clothing
  6. Fire
  7. Sleep
  8. Defense
  9. Basic first aid
  10. Security

An overview of Maslow's Needs Theory

The hierarchy of human needs in man is a theory developed by the psychologist Abraham Maslow. This theory is known as the Maslow pyramid, the needs theory, or Maslow's hierarchy of needs.

This theory discusses human needs in terms of importance as these needs have been developed in the form of a hierarchy.

Maslow has developed the needs that affect human life and ensure survival at the base of the pyramid. And then these needs are ranked according to their importance in the upward trend until we reach the top of the pyramid.

Maslow points out that there is "Motivation" behind those human needs. These needs affect human behavior in an attempt to satisfy those needs. If he fails to satisfy them, he suffers psychological pain and frustration, which leads him to follow a number of defensive tricks that protect him from this frustration.

Maslow Theory of Motivation

Maslow tried to understand people's motives, believing that any individual within him had a system of motives totally unrelated to unconscious desires.

Individuals are motivated to meet certain needs, and when these needs are met, the individual tries to meet the other needs that are important to him and remains so throughout his life.

Motivation in man is a psychological process that stimulates the behavior of a person to achieve a goal, and the presence of motivation means continuity in achieving this goal, which is measured by the ambition of man.

The motivations of man are hunger, thirst, sleep and the desire to multiply, etc

The motivations that motivate the man to learn are the love of knowledge, and his motive behind the search for a job is his desire for material gain and self-fulfillment, and his motivation behind his wife's desire to form a family and to practice his needs Nationality, and so on.

 Maslow Pyramid of Basic Survival Needs

The human needs of the Maslow pyramid were divided into five categories:

1- Physiological needs

These are the basic needs necessary for human survival:

  1. Sleep
  2. Eat
  3. Drink water
  4. Air
  5. Sex
  6. Shelter.

2- Safety needs

This is followed by the need for safety, and safety is one of the most basic needs of a person who cannot live without it even if it has all the physiological needs, and includes:

Personal security, job security, family security, financial security (proven income), psychological safety, health security (intended to ensure access to health care when exposed to illness).

3- Social needs

It is the sense of love and belonging and includes:

  1. Emotional Relationships
  2. Relationships of sexual and non-sexual love
  3. Family relations
  4. Educational relations (eg teacher-student relationship at school or university)
  5. Friendships
  6. Work relationship
  7. The nature of man leads him to the need to feel belonging to a community; otherwise, he will suffer from isolation and depression, because man is social by nature, and cannot live alone without a group.

4- Self-esteem

Maslow focuses on two important aspects of man's need for self-esteem. One must feel the same value that makes him feel valued and respected, followed by the human need to gain respect and appreciation for others.

5- Need for Assessment (Self-Esteem)

In his quest to satisfy himself, there are two important aspects. First, a person must feel the value of himself, which makes him feel respected and respect for himself. Second, he must acquire the respect and appreciation of others around him.


10 Basic Needs to Survive

which of the following are survival needs of the body?

While Maslow has identified a number of basic survival needs that guarantee his life, psychologists have added a number of other basic human needs for survival. Not only that, technological progress has helped create many ways to help people meet those needs:

1. Air

3M 6001PB1-1 Organic Vapor Replacement Cartridges, 10-Pairs

Maybe the mos basic component of survival is oxygen that enables us to breathe. Regar

dless of whether your concern is an absence of air, poor air quality or a physical condition that confines your lung limit, you will probably endure mind harm or bite the dust if your supply of oxygen is cut off for longer than three minutes. Individuals who suffered from emphysema or extreme bronchitis can bear witness to this.

Cool solace begins with cool breathe. Not at all like non-valved respirators, the 3M Paint Sanding Valved Respirator utilizes 3M Cool Flow Valve innovation intended to discharge hot, damp, breathed out breath rapidly, keeping an unpalatable development of warmth inside the respirator.

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First Alert Dual-Sensor Smoke and Fire Alarm

First Alert SA320CN Dual-Sensor Smoke and Fire Alarm

This gadget is intended to give significant serenity. This fire locator offers far-reaching checking for a smoke by utilizing two unique sensors.

A solitary catch hushes the caution and tests the unit, while an uproarious 85-decibel alarm is intended to alarm even the soundest of sleepers. The battery-controlled outline enables the fire finder to be introduced effortlessly.

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Plug-In Carbon Monoxide Alarm with Digital Display

Kidde Nighthawk Plug-in AC DC Carbon Monoxide Alarm Detector with Digital Display

The digital readout of the Kidde Plug-In Digital Carbon Monoxide Alarm with 9-Volt Backup continuously displays carbon monoxide levels from 30 to 999 parts per million (PPM) and will sound an 85 dB alarm when dangerous levels are reached.

The carbon monoxide level sensed is continuously displayed and updated every 15 seconds, and the peak level memory shows the highest level of carbon monoxide present since the last time the unit was reset or unplugged. Protection continues during power outages thanks to a 9-volt battery backup.

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The First Alert CO615 Plug-In Carbon Monoxide Detector 

First Alert Dual-Power Carbon Monoxide Detector Alarm

It secures your family with an electrochemical sensor, an 85-decibel caution, and a simple read computerized show. Connects to any standard outlet with no extra mounting vital. Likewise incorporates battery reinforcement, so CO is observed regardless of whether there's a power disappointment.

The Peak Level component shows the most noteworthy centralization of carbon monoxide estimated since the unit was the last reset.

One catch hushes any aggravation cautions and furthermore tests identifier capacities. Furthermore, a finish of-life flag improves your security by telling you when it's a great opportunity to supplant the unit. Keep your family more secure by introducing units on numerous levels and in every room.

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2. Water

Potable Aqua Water Treatment Tablets

Portable Drinking Water Treatment Ideal for Emergencies, Survival, Travel, and Camping

The human body is comprised of around 70 percent water. You won't keep going long without this crucial substance. In outrageous warmth circumstances, you can end up dried out and start to encounter issues inside hours. Widely used by campers, climbers, militaries, crisis associations, and any other person who needs to drink the water of faulty quality, these Portable Aqua iodine tablets will sanitize sullied savoring water a squeeze.

The tablets- - which are planned for here and now or constrained crisis to utilize just - make most water bacteriologically appropriate for drinking, demonstrating successful against Giardia lamblia when utilized as coordinated.

Every Potable Aqua tablet contains 20 mg of Tetraglycine Hydroperiodide (TGHP), which frees 8 mg of titratable iodine when discharged into the water. Inside 30 minutes, the iodine will have infiltrated the phone dividers of the microorganisms, rendering them idle and making the water bacteriologically appropriate to drink.

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Survivor Filter PRO

Survivor Filter PRO

Best autonomously tried filtration level available.

Triple filtration to 0.01 microns to expel infection, microscopic organisms, and parasites and lessen most substantial metals, taste, and synthetic compounds

Super quick stream rate of 500 ml. (17 oz) every moment.

Worked on value materials.

Survivor channel fulfillment assurance and lifetime guarantee.

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LifeStraw Personal Water Filter

Evacuates microorganisms and parasites

Evacuates microplastics

Thorough Testing: All cases are checked with labs utilizing standard testing conventions set by the US EPA, NSF, ASTM for water purifiers.

Long Lifetime: The microbiological channel will give 4,000 liters (1,000 gallons) of perfect and safe drinking water with appropriate utilize and support.

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3. Food

Grizzly Gear Emergency Food Rations (5 Year Shelf Life)

Contains 9 pre-estimated 400 calorie apportions, to last one individual up to three days.

USCG endorsed for a 5-year timeframe of realistic usability inside its tough, air fixed Mylar bundling to guarantee conservation under every single climatic condition. Non-thirst inciting, with a wonderful Lemon season. Fit and it meets the rules for Halal. Improved with vitamins and minerals surpassing the RDA necessities this item does not contain cholesterol or tropical oils.

Withstands extraordinary conditions and temperatures (- 22F to 149F).Nourishment, while not exactly as basic as water, is likewise key to survival. Individuals who have survived hunger strikes demonstrate that people can live for quite a while without eating. Notwithstanding, without appropriate hydration, the body will just last somewhere in the range of 40 and 70 days without nourishment.

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Augason Farms 30-Day Emergency Food Storage Supply

Augason Farms 30-Day Emergency Food Storage Supply

With Augason Farms QSS-Certified 30-Day 1-Person Emergency Food Supply, you can be certain that you will be well-nourished in an emergency. You will not only be adequately fed, but you will also enjoy delicious meals that are fulfilling, full, and enjoyable to consume. The food in the pail is enough for one individual for thirty days or a family of four for one week. The survival food is stored in a waterproof, easily transportable 8.5-gallon bucket, which is ideal for keeping at home and the workplace in case of an emergency.

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Mountain House Just in Case.Classic Bucket

Mountain House Classic Bucket

The Mountain House Classic Bucket includes a variety of popular freeze-dried dishes. Each meal is lightweight, convenient to keep (compact design), and simple to cook (just add water). They're also quite tasty! Each Mountain House Classic Bucket has 12 pouches (or 24 total servings) of breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Mountain House dinners have been eaten on trails, beaches, mountains, and in people's homes all around the globe. Enjoy the Mountain House Classic Bucket on your next camping trip or keep it in your emergency kit.

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Woods World's Toughest Ultralight Survival Tent

Woods World's Toughest Ultralight Survival Tent


Guaranteed to be the hardest lightweight survival tent available anywhere. The DDITW PRO Ultralight Survival Tent is designed for hikers and outdoor explorers, and it protects two people from extreme weather in any season.

Other emergency shelters are composed of weak materials and are only used once. Every element has been tested and developed using the finest quality materials available. To survive extreme weather conditions and rough terrain, our HeatFlex mylar is stronger and more flexible than standard mylar. This tent is reusable and long-lasting, with 425-lb paracord, reinforced tape seams, and a nylon storage pouch.

The Toughest Ultralight Survival Tent you'll discover anyplace – ensured. Intended for explorers and outside swashbucklers, the DDITW PRO Ultralight Survival Tent gives all year insurance to 2 grown-ups from a cruel climate in any season.

Other crisis covers are influenced shaky and shoddy for one-an opportunity to utilize. We've tried and composed everything about the most elevated quality materials accessible.

Our HeatFlex™ mylar is more grounded and more adaptable than customary mylar to withstand brutal climate conditions and rough landscape.

With 425-lb quality paracord, fortified taped creases, and a nylon stockpiling sack, this tent is reusable and worked to last.

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SE ET3683 Emergency Outdoor Tube Tent with Steel Tent Pegs

SE ET3683 Emergency Outdoor Tube Tent with Steel Tent Pegs

 SE is glad to exhibit our Emergency Outdoor Tube Tent with Steel Tent Pegs.

This tube tent is an incredible expansion to your apparatus for climbing, outdoors, chasing, sculling, angling, survival and first aid packs, and can likewise be utilized as a crisis cover, protect, ground cover, and that's only the tip of the iceberg!

Emergency Outdoor Tube Tent includes the following features:

  • Dimensions (inches): 82 x 36
  • Non-woven, orange-shaded material
  • Aluminum covering on the inside side for additional glow
  • 23 feet (7 meters) of rope
  • Four 9" zinc-plated carbon steel tent pegs
  • Reusability

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Coleman Sundome 4-Person Tent

Coleman 4-Person Dome Tent for Camping

The Coleman Sundome 4-Person Tent is intended for speedy and simple setup, so you can invest more energy appreciating the outside. Awesome for outdoors in the warm climate, this exploring tent is outlined with substantial windows and a ground vent to enable push to warm air up and out to keep you agreeable.

The WeatherTec framework with protected welded floors and upset creases guarantees you remain dry if the climate turns, while the tough casing with Insta-Clip shaft connections faces 35+ mph winds. A rainfly with an incorporated entryway overhang is incorporated to enable keep to rain from getting into the tent, and the sturdy Polyguard 2X twofold thick texture is intended to withstand the components for solid utilize season after season.

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ReFire Gear Men's Army Special Ops Military Tactical Jacket

Mustang Survival Classic Bomber Jacket

The softshell jacket is comprised of waterproof and windproof 100% polyester soft shell fabric. It keeps you dry in the rain and snow, keeps the wind at bay, and keeps the chilly air out. In the winter, the fleece lining keeps you toasty. The jacket is tactically designed, with a wide roll-up hood, a two-way zip up to open or shut the jacket, hook and link adjustable wrist cuffs, a drawstring waist and hood, and a large patch on both arms for morale patches. When you're overheated, the vent zippers under the arm allow sweat to escape. It keeps you cool in hot weather and comfortable throughout any outdoor activities.

There are 7 zipper compartments in total, 2 chest pockets, 2 back pockets, and 3 sleeve pockets where you may store your EDC gear, map, gloves, tactical knife, pen, wallet, flashlight, clip, and cell phone, among other things. The tactical jacket is appropriate for the winter, autumn, and spring seasons. Ideal for outdoor activities such as hunting, fishing, hiking, climbing, camping, traveling, motorbike, rafting, cycling, army combat, paintball, airsoft shooting, and casual wear.

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Lingito Rain Poncho Family Pack

Lingito Rain Poncho Family Pack Emergency Rain Ponchos for Men, Women and Teens

Lingito's Rain Ponchos are known for their quality and unique design: The Only Rain Poncho you will need for Theme Parks Caping Hiking keep in your car  Keep them in your office for emergencies Bring along for city exploring  Great for traveling What makes us stand out.

Lingito's Rain Ponchos are of higher quality and design then the typical plastic bag Thicker, reusable and each poncho comes in their own resealable bag 5 assorted colors to fit your style and mood  Rain ponchos are designed for Men, Women, and Teenagers. They are strong enough to be used multiple times and withstand winds. Travel-friendly- Lightweight and don't take up much room.  100% waterproof.

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Women's TACLITE PRO Tactical Pants, Style 64360

Women's TACLITE PRO Pants

5.11 Tactical has done it once more. Our new Women's Taclite Pro Pant is prepared for wear and we know this one will be a hit. Formed after our customary 5.11 Tactical Pant, the new 5.11 Women's Taclite Pro Pant includes a lightweight poly-cotton ripstop texture and a completely gusseted groin that takes into consideration full scope of development.

These jeans have pockets situated for simple access to the majority of your apparatus. An outer blade stash on the correct front side gives you simple access to a 5.11 Knife. Two freight pockets are situated on the two thighs and a magazine/mobile phone stash is situated over the left load take for snappy access with your spur of the moment. The magazine and new blade stash are fortified with 100% Cordura nylon.

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Gerber Bear Grylls Fire Starter

Gerber Bear Grylls Fire Starter

The result of the coordinated effort among Gerber and survival expert Bear Grylls, the Survival Series Fire Starter is an unquestionable requirement have for exploring, outdoors, and climbing undertakings.

Little and reduced, this fire starter offers long stretches of utilization. Watertight development keeps tinder protected and dry, so when you require it, you can assume that it's prepared to utilize.

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überleben Zünden Fire Starter

The Überleben Zünden is your ideal fire starter. The strong Hardwood handle gives regularly finished hold and the materials and craftsmanship used to make the Firesteel is of the most astounding quality.

The goal behind the Überleben Kräftig Fire Starter was to keep things as simple as possible. To get the sparks flying, I used a solid 1/2" thick ferrocerium rod. It may seem to be excessive, but is this a negative thing?
Snft-korr ferrocerium mix is a wonderful combination of softness and durability. Ignite any fire with ease, no matter what height you're at or what weather you're stuck in, even when wet.

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Survival Fire Starter with Compass and Whistle

Ralix Fire Starter - SurvivalSPARK Emergency Magnesium Fire Starter - Survival Fire Starter with Compass and Whistle

Never get came down within the bug again with the Survival Spark Magnesium Fire Starter. This breeze safe igniter is anything but difficult to utilize and reliably gives a generous start.

Remain dry warm, and safe with this 3-in-1 crisis instrument. Furnished with a reduced, incorporated compass and an SOS shriek, our fire starter is intended for survival. Little however powerful, you'll need this apparatus in your pocket for all your outside undertakings.

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7. Sleep

S.O.L. Survive Outdoors Longer Escape Bivvy

Stay warm and dry in the first backcountry emergency shelter, which keeps you dry while you warm up.
Even in wet, sloppy circumstances, the highly water-resistant fabric keeps you dry.
The heavy-duty cloth reflects 70% of emitted body heat and resists punctures and splits. The bright orange exterior makes it simple for rescuers to recognize you even in densely forested regions. The tough fabric prevents punctures and rips from hard usage.

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Tact Bivvy Compact Ultra Lightweight Sleeping Bag

Tact Bivvy Compact Ultra Lightweight Sleeping Bag- Survival Gear Kit

Tact Bivvy Compact Sleeping Bag is an amazingly warm survival tool to add to your survival kit or camping gear. This lightweight bivy sack can be used by itself, or act as a sleeping bag liner to keep you sound asleep.

The Tact Bivvy is made from our HeatEcho™ thermal reflective space blanket material for heat retention and is also waterproof, windproof, and reinforced at the seams for added strength and durability. Also packs inside a tiny durable nylon stuff sack, keeping it compact for your bug out bag or camping gear.

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Abco Tech Sleeping Bag

Abco Tech Sleeping Bag – Envelope Lightweight Portable, Waterproof

It is safe to say that you are searching for a top-notch dozing sack which offers you agreeable rest notwithstanding amid outrageous climate conditions?Abcosport conveys to you a mind-blowing dozing sack plan which offers an ideal harmony between solace, compactness, and sturdiness.

Self-defense is very important to man, as he is exposed to many risks in his life. It may be facing thieves or even predatory organisms, so the willingness of man to face these risks that can threaten his life is one of the basics that should be taken into account.

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8. Defense

Cobra System Self Cocking Pistol Tactical Crossbow

Ace Martial Arts Supply Cobra System

The cocking mechanism on this 80-pound draw weight crossbow is simple and secure. This crossbow pistol is exceptionally robust, with a sturdy plastic body and compression molded fiberglass bow, and is ideal for both small game hunting and target practice. Each crossbow comes with 15 aluminum arrows with metal tips as well as an adjustable tactical sight. The 80 pound cross bow, with a shooting speed of 165 fps, is ideal for hunting small animals. The new self-cocking system is significantly safer and easier to operate.

Extra 80lb string and 15 metal arrows are included with this kit. These additional components will give you more time to enjoy your crossbow without worrying about wear and tear or the performance of your bow. We also suggest putting rail lubricant to your crossbow's rail slide and wax to your string on a regular basis to reduce friction, which may harm your string. It's also a good idea to check the tightness of your crossbow's screws on a regular basis, since vibration may cause them to loosen with time.e.

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Smith & Wesson H.R.T. Boot Knife SWHRT9B

SWHRT9B 9in Stainless Steel Fixed Blade Knife - for Outdoor Tactical Survival

Overall length is 9 inches (22.9 centimeters), with a blade length of 4.7 inches (12.1 centimeters) and a weight of 7.7 ounces.
The blade is composed of dependable 7Cr17MoV high carbon stainless steel, and the grip is covered in black rubber. The simple belt or boot sheath allows for quick and easy access, making it perfect for daily use. With the security of the hand guard, you may be certain that the blade will not slide. Knife Specifications Lanyard Hole Makes an Excellent Neck Knife

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Fiskars X11 Splitting Axe, 17-Inch

fiskars x11 splitting axe - 17- Inch

Immaculate as an optional hatchet for brisk occupations, the X11 is intended for simple one-gave utilize while part little logs. Like each X-Series Hatchet or Ax, the X11 joins idealized weight appropriation, propelled cutting edge geometry, an ultra-sharp edge and for all intents and purposes unbreakable outline to boost your execution.

This blend of highlights enables the sharp edge to scatter wood all the more successfully, offering more one-hit parts with each swing. Since you can part wood all the more effortlessly with the X11, each activity requires less time, less exertion and less hand strain.

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9. Basic first aid

Swiss Safe 2-in-1 First Aid Kit (120 Piece)

Swiss Safe 2-in-1 First Aid Kit (120 Piece)

Premium 2-in-1 First Aid Emergency Kit with 120 Medical Grade Items.
Interior compartments are organized for easy access. Rugged, strong, and dense. Includes Mini-First Aid Kit: Incredible Small, Lightweight Mini Kit with an Additional 32 Medical Items. Perfect for every occasion or event - family, home, workplace, emergencies, and outdoor activities

The Swiss Safe Comprehensive 2-in-1 KIT: this amazing First aid kit contains important medical supplies for emergencies, disasters, and survival situations (152 Pieces in Total w/ Mini Kit).

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Surviveware Comprehensive Premium First Aid Kit

Small First Aid Kit for Hiking, Backpacking, Camping, Travel, Car & Cycling

It's the most solid sack in the market in this value class. Each inward sleeve is sorted out by class. Amid critical crossroads, get the opportunity to right things rapidly. After things are utilized, effectively observe what should be supplanted.

Each individual is one of a kind. A pocket isolated from alternate sleeves will shield your own prescription. Individuals to include their own particular things; you have some additional space accessible for your one of kind prerequisites. Cost is lower than it ought to be. This is important to remain aggressive with different brands that seem to include comparable esteem.

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274Pcs First Aid Kit Survival Kit

Aootek Upgraded first aid kit survival Kit

YIDERBO 274-piece updated First Aid Kit includes 16 important multi-purpose outdoor emergency survival equipment and 15 all-purpose trauma supplies to fulfill your various demands! Complete first aid kit in a bright red bag, allowing you to quickly discover everything you need in the event of an emergency.

It can assist you in an emergency or outdoor survival, treat small wounds, and possibly save your life! Ideal for camping, hiking, travel, outdoor activities, wilderness experiences, family, and unforeseen emergencies. A must-have item for you!

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10. Security

Prepper's Long-Term Survival Guide

In addition to the fact that it is imperative to have assurance from climate components. It's additionally critical to have security against assaults of any sort.

Experience one excessively numerous wild ‎animals or lunatics with a firearm and you won't live long. Furnishing yourself in some path against assaults from human and creature predators or having ‎someone who can ensure you. Gives a conviction that all is good and prompts a longer life.

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Life is too short, so we can’t just ignore any of the above basic survival needs. Because we can’t predict what the price would be.

keep in mind that taking care of yourself and having the needed equipment. Will keep your body as healthy as possible. After all, prevention is better than a million cure.

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